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What Are The Basic Types Of Sculpture For Your Home?

There are a variety of different sculptures that can be used in and around your home. Some people might not realize the various options available to them, so it’s important to know what is out there before you make a final decision. In this article, you’ll learn about some of the popular types of sculptures for your home. You will have an idea about some of the many different options available to you when it comes to choosing which type of sculpture may work best for your needs and tastes.


Clay sculpting is an ancient art form dating back to the Paleolithic era of human history. The clay material itself has a number of flexible and durable qualities, which have made it suitable for use in full-sized sculptures as well as models that are later cast or carved into stone. In addition to this versatility, its affordability makes it perfect for experimentation with new techniques without fear of failure.

Famous Clay Sculptures

  • The Chinese Terracotta Army Warriors (246-208 BCE)
  • The Thinker of Cernavoda (5000 BCE)


Stone sculptures were made in many areas of the world during the Paleolithic Stone Age. Some rocks are better for carving than others, which was one reason that artists would use different types depending on what their sculpture looked like. For example, Greek artisans carved marble into statues to adorn buildings such as The Parthenon, whereas painters from Italy used white Carrara stone because it is softer and easier to carve than other kinds of rock found there.

Famous Stone Sculptures

  • Venus de Milo (c.130-100 BCE) by Alexandros of Antioch
  • Laocoon and His Sons (c.42-20 BCE) by Hagesander, Athenodoros, and Polydorus 
  • Michelangelo’s Pieta (1497-99) and David 
  • Bernini’s The Ecstasy of St Teresa (1647)
  • Canova’s Cupid and Psyche (1796)
  • Rodin’s The Kiss (1889).


Wood carving is a form of sculpting that has been around for centuries. It was especially useful during the Prehistoric era and Early Christian art eras, but it found its golden age in Germany when large carvings were used to support weighty structures such as cathedrals.

Wood carving dates back thousands of years ago with evidence being seen on dinosaur bones carved from wood by ancient tribes before they learned how to make stone tools or metal weapons; this long-lasting method became popular again for smaller works like sculptures made out of oakwood which had benefits over other materials because their density helps them hold up better than bone, ivory, marble or even bronze statues while still maintaining an organic look. Woodcarving maintained popularity until early medieval times where sculptures were carved in the shape of sculptures.

    Famous Wood Carvings

    • The Ghent Altarpiece (1432) by Hubert and Jan van Eyck
    • The Crucifixion of Saint Peter (1501-150/02) by Michelangelo 
    • Madonna with Child, St John the Baptist, and Two Angels: La Belle Verrière (1330-40), a wooden sculpture from France by Nicolas Coustou.


      Bronze Sculpture Bronze sculptures are often cast using molds because this material is strong enough to withstand repeated casting without warping or cracking due to heat loss as well as being able to be used for other purposes if necessary such as building parts or machinery. Bronze statues were popular both in the Classical Period and during Medieval times.

      Famous Bronze Sculptures

      • The Venus of Hohle Fels (c.35,000 BCE) by an unknown artist 
      • The Discobolus of Myron (c.390-320 BCE), a Greek mold cast in bronze sculpture from Ancient Greece that is now on display at the Museo Pio Cristiano Etruria in Italy
      • Michelangelo’s David statue from 1500 CE which was originally created for his own funeral monument but has been moved to other locations such as The Accademia Gallery in Florence, Italy or even Philadelphia Museum of Art where it can be seen today
      • Rodin’s famous sculptures including “The Thinker” are also made out of bronze metal composition like many sculptures in the Western world.

      Sculpting methods have changed over time and across regions, but a few basic types of sculptures can be found throughout history: stone sculptures, wood sculptures, bronze castings, and clay models that are later fired or carved into stone. There are a variety of different sculptures that can be used in and around your home. Some people might not realize the various options available to them, so it’s important to know what is out there before you make a final decision. If any part of this information sparks interest in you or offers insight into something new, contact us! We’re happy to help find just the right piece for your space at our gallery showroom!

      The Marshall Gallery 2
      The Marshall Gallery 2

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      The Marshall Gallery, located in Scottsdale’s Historic Arts District, has been the center of contemporary art since its founding in 1998. Boasting a collection of paintings, sculptures, and exquisite glass pieces, the gallery hosts several exhibitions each year plus a biennial glass invitational that attracts top-notch talent. Here you will find exceptional art presented in an open and relaxed gallery space, which is perfect for browsing the ever-changing collection. Explore on your own, or allow our expert art consultants to offer complimentary assistance to find the perfect addition to your own collection. Looking for the perfect piece of art to complement your home’s decor? Visit us in person or browse our online art store!